# Double Declining Balance Depreciation Method The importance of the double-declining method of depreciation can be explained through the following scenarios. Sometimes, when the company is looking to defer the tax liabilities and reduce profitability in the initial years of the asset’s useful life, it is the best option for charging depreciation. Enter the straight line depreciation rate in the double declining depreciation formula, along with the book value for this year. If something unforeseen happens down the line—a slow year, a sudden increase in expenses—you may wish you’d stuck to good old straight line depreciation. While double declining balance has its money-up-front appeal, that means your tax bill goes up in the future.

Assume that you’ve purchased a \$100,000 asset that will be worth \$10,000 at the end of its useful life. The prior statement tends to be true for most fixed assets due to normal “wear and tear” from any consistent, constant usage. But before we delve further into the concept https://www.bookstime.com/ of accelerated depreciation, we’ll review some basic accounting terminology. The cost of the truck including taxes, title, license, and delivery is \$28,000. Because of the high number of miles you expect to put on the truck, you estimate its useful life at five years.

## Basic depreciation rate

Firms depreciate assets on their financial statements and for tax purposes in order to better match an asset’s productivity in use to its costs of operation over time. By reducing the value of that asset on the company’s books, a business is able to claim tax deductions each year for the presumed lost value of the asset over that year. A book value of \$64,000 will apply to the asset at the beginning of Year 3. The formula used to calculate annual depreciation expense under the double declining method is as follows. The double declining balance depreciation rate is twice what straight line depreciation is. For example, if you depreciate your machine using straight line depreciation, your depreciation would remain the same each month. If you file estimated quarterly taxes, you’re required to predict your income each year. Since the double declining balance method has you writing off a different amount each year, you may find yourself crunching more numbers to get the right amount. You’ll also need to take into account how each year’s depreciation affects your cash flow.

## Double declining balance vs. the straight line method

The «double» means 200% of the straight line rate of depreciation, while the «declining balance» refers to the asset’s book value or carrying value at the beginning of the accounting period. The double declining balance (DDB) depreciation method is an approach to accounting that involves depreciating certain assets at twice the rate outlined under straight-line depreciation. This results in depreciation being the highest in the first year of ownership and declining over time. On the other hand, with the double declining balance depreciation method, you write off a large depreciation expense in the early years, right after you’ve purchased an asset, and less each year after that. With the double declining balance method, you depreciate less and less of an asset’s value over time.

The double-declining balance depreciation (DDB) method, also known as the reducing balance method, is one of two common methods a business uses to account for the expense of a long-lived asset. Similarly, compared to the standard declining balance method, the double-declining method depreciates assets twice as quickly. The double declining balance method of depreciation, also known as the 200% declining balance method of depreciation, is a form of accelerated depreciation. This means that compared to the straight-line method, the depreciation expense will be faster in the early years of the asset’s life but slower in the later years.

## What Is the Double Declining Balance Depreciation Method?

In that year, the amount to be depreciated will be the difference between the book value of the asset at the beginning of the year and its final salvage value (this is usually just a small remainder). double declining balance method 1- You can’t use double declining depreciation the full length of an asset’s useful life. Since it always charges a percentage on the base value, there will always be leftovers.

In the final year, the asset will be further depreciated by \$2000, ignoring the rate of depreciation. After the first year, we apply the depreciation rate to the carrying value (cost minus accumulated depreciation) of the asset at the start of the period. We can incorporate this adjustment using the time factor, which is the number of months the asset is available in an accounting period divided by 12. Due to the accelerated depreciation expense, a company’s profits don’t represent the actual results because the depreciation has lowered its net income.